Android绘制折线图(未使用开源图表库)

思路

根据点的数量将Canvas等分,等分后先绘制图表的所有横轴和纵轴。再将数据转化为点坐标,绘制到屏幕上,最后将相邻两点连成线即可。

代码

  1. 图表函数
import android.content.Context;
import android.content.res.Resources;
import android.graphics.Canvas;
import android.graphics.Paint;
import android.graphics.Paint.Style;
import android.graphics.Path;
import android.graphics.Point;
import android.util.AttributeSet;
import android.util.DisplayMetrics;
import android.view.View;
import android.view.WindowManager;

class LineGraphicView extends View
{
	private static final int CIRCLE_SIZE = 10;
	private static enum Linestyle
	{
		Line, Curve
	}

	private Context mContext;
	private Paint mPaint;
	private Resources res;
	private DisplayMetrics dm;
	private Linestyle mStyle = Linestyle.Curve;
	private int canvasHeight;
	private int canvasWidth;
	private int bheight = 0;
	private int blwidh;
	private boolean isMeasure = true;
	private int maxValue;
	private int averageValue;
	private int marginTop = 20;
	private int marginBottom = 40;
	private Point[] mPoints;
	private ArrayList<Double> yRawData;
	private ArrayList<String> xRawDatas;
	private ArrayList<Integer> xList = new ArrayList<Integer>();
	private int spacingHeight;

	public LineGraphicView(Context context)
	{
		this(context, null);
	}

	public LineGraphicView(Context context, AttributeSet attrs)
	{
		super(context, attrs);
		this.mContext = context;
		initView();
	}

	private void initView()
	{
		this.res = mContext.getResources();
		this.mPaint = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
		dm = new DisplayMetrics();
		WindowManager wm = (WindowManager) mContext.getSystemService(Context.WINDOW_SERVICE);
		wm.getDefaultDisplay().getMetrics(dm);
	}

	@Override
	protected void onSizeChanged(int w, int h, int oldw, int oldh)
	{
		if (isMeasure)
		{
			this.canvasHeight = getHeight();
			this.canvasWidth = getWidth();
			if (bheight == 0)
				bheight = (int) (canvasHeight - marginBottom);
			blwidh = dip2px(30);
			isMeasure = false;
		}
	}

	@Override
	protected void onDraw(Canvas canvas)
	{
		mPaint.setColor(res.getColor(R.color.color_f2f2f2));

		drawAllXLine(canvas);
		drawAllYLine(canvas);
		mPoints = getPoints();
        mPaint.setColor(res.getColor(R.color.color_ff4631));
		mPaint.setStrokeWidth(dip2px(2.5f));
		mPaint.setStyle(Style.STROKE);
		if (mStyle == Linestyle.Curve)
		{
			drawScrollLine(canvas);
		}
		else
		{
			drawLine(canvas);
		}

		mPaint.setStyle(Style.FILL);
		for (int i = 0; i < mPoints.length; i++)
		{
			canvas.drawCircle(mPoints[i].x, mPoints[i].y, CIRCLE_SIZE / 2, mPaint);
		}
	}

	private void drawAllXLine(Canvas canvas)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < spacingHeight + 1; i++)
		{
			canvas.drawLine(blwidh, bheight - (bheight / spacingHeight) * i + marginTop, (canvasWidth - blwidh),
					bheight - (bheight / spacingHeight) * i + marginTop, mPaint);// Y坐标
			drawText(String.valueOf(averageValue * i), blwidh / 2, bheight - (bheight / spacingHeight) * i + marginTop,canvas);
		}
	}


	private void drawAllYLine(Canvas canvas)
	{
		for (int i = 0; i < yRawData.size(); i++)
		{
			xList.add(blwidh + (canvasWidth - blwidh) / yRawData.size() * i);
			canvas.drawLine(blwidh + (canvasWidth - blwidh) / yRawData.size() * i, marginTop, blwidh
					+ (canvasWidth - blwidh) / yRawData.size() * i, bheight + marginTop, mPaint);
			drawText(xRawDatas.get(i), blwidh + (canvasWidth - blwidh) / yRawData.size() * i, bheight + dip2px(26),
					canvas);// X坐标
		}
	}

	private void drawScrollLine(Canvas canvas)
	{
		Point startp = new Point();
		Point endp = new Point();
		for (int i = 0; i < mPoints.length - 1; i++)
		{
			startp = mPoints[i];
			endp = mPoints[i + 1];
			int wt = (startp.x + endp.x) / 2;
			Point p3 = new Point();
			Point p4 = new Point();
			p3.y = startp.y;
			p3.x = wt;
			p4.y = endp.y;
			p4.x = wt;

			Path path = new Path();
			path.moveTo(startp.x, startp.y);
			path.cubicTo(p3.x, p3.y, p4.x, p4.y, endp.x, endp.y);
			canvas.drawPath(path, mPaint);
		}
	}

	private void drawLine(Canvas canvas)
	{
		Point startp = new Point();
		Point endp = new Point();
		for (int i = 0; i < mPoints.length - 1; i++)
		{
			startp = mPoints[i];
			endp = mPoints[i + 1];
			canvas.drawLine(startp.x, startp.y, endp.x, endp.y, mPaint);
		}
	}

	private void drawText(String text, int x, int y, Canvas canvas)
	{
		Paint p = new Paint(Paint.ANTI_ALIAS_FLAG);
		p.setTextSize(dip2px(12));
		p.setColor(res.getColor(R.color.color_999999));
		p.setTextAlign(Paint.Align.LEFT);
		canvas.drawText(text, x, y, p);
	}

	private Point[] getPoints()
	{
		Point[] points = new Point[yRawData.size()];
		for (int i = 0; i < yRawData.size(); i++)
		{
			int ph = bheight - (int) (bheight * (yRawData.get(i) / maxValue));

			points[i] = new Point(xList.get(i), ph + marginTop);
		}
		return points;
	}

	public void setData(ArrayList<Double> yRawData, ArrayList<String> xRawData, int maxValue, int averageValue)
	{
		this.maxValue = maxValue;
		this.averageValue = averageValue;
		this.mPoints = new Point[yRawData.size()];
		this.xRawDatas = xRawData;
		this.yRawData = yRawData;
		this.spacingHeight = maxValue / averageValue;
	}

	public void setTotalvalue(int maxValue)
	{
		this.maxValue = maxValue;
	}

	public void setPjvalue(int averageValue)
	{
		this.averageValue = averageValue;
	}

	public void setMargint(int marginTop)
	{
		this.marginTop = marginTop;
	}

	public void setMarginb(int marginBottom)
	{
		this.marginBottom = marginBottom;
	}

	public void setMstyle(Linestyle mStyle)
	{
		this.mStyle = mStyle;
	}

	public void setBheight(int bheight)
	{
		this.bheight = bheight;
	}

	private int dip2px(float dpValue)
	{
		return (int) (dpValue * dm.density + 0.5f);
	}

}
  1. 主函数
package com.example;
import java.util.ArrayList;

import android.app.Activity;
import android.os.Bundle;

public class MainActivity extends Activity
{
	LineGraphicView tu;
	ArrayList<Double> yList;

	@Override
	protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState)
	{
		super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
		setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
		tu = (LineGraphicView) findViewById(R.id.line_graphic);

		yList = new ArrayList<Double>();
		yList.add((double) 2.10);
		yList.add(4.05);
		yList.add(6.60);
		yList.add(3.08);
		yList.add(4.32);
		yList.add(2.0);
		yList.add(5.0);

		ArrayList<String> xRawDatas = new ArrayList<String>();
		xRawDatas.add("08-01");
		xRawDatas.add("08-02");
		xRawDatas.add("08-03");
		xRawDatas.add("08-04");
		xRawDatas.add("08-05");
		xRawDatas.add("08-06");
		xRawDatas.add("08-07");
		xRawDatas.add("08-08");
		tu.setData(yList, xRawDatas, 8, 2);
	}

}
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